El Salvador Profile – Important Facts, People and History (2023)

El Salvador Profile – Important Facts, People and History (1)

Country Profile: El Salvador.

Fact: Joya de Ceren, a UNESCO World Heritage site that was buried in ashes by a volcanic eruption and considered to be the “Pompeii of the Americas”, is found in El Salvador.”

El Salvador, whose capital is San Salvador, is nestled amidst the larger counties of Honduras and Guatemala. The Gulf of Fonseca separates El Salvador from Nicaragua. Most travelers bypass this small country in Central America but despite its size, it offers travelers with so much to see and experience. El Salvador is rich in history and the volcanic activities in the past, particularly in Joya de Cerén earned it the nickname Pompeii of the Americas. The incredibly well preserved ancient site was buried in layers of lava when the Loma Caldera erupted in 595 AD. The country may have had a violent past, but its natural wonders make up for it. Travelers will get to see the sparkling waters of some of the 14 lakes in the country and be enthralled by the wonders of its forests, its beautiful beaches suitable for surfing, galleries, museums and exciting nightlife.

El Salvador has a true rainforest, the Montecristo National Park that is forever covered in mist and clouds. Such areas are getting extremely rare and in this park you will be greeted by air plants, giant ferns and cool areas that have never been touched by sunlight. Bosque El Imposible or the Impossible Forest National Park will present you with other surprises. You will find nearly 300 species of birds and unique animals, butterflies belonging to several hundreds of species and about 400 species of trees. You may want to look for El Salvador’s national bird, the turquoise-browed mormot, related to the kingfisher. Its colorful plumage is truly attractive and its unique tail feathers are decidedly fantastic. Two tail feathers are extended with elongated shafts that are featherless and end with colorful feathers shaped like rackets.

After all the activities you can do in El Salvador, end your day sitting quietly in a café for a cup of locally grown coffee that can be a local respite. For you see, coffee is one of the major produce and export products of El Salvador.

In this Country Profile

  • Geography of El Salvador
  • Flag of El Salvador
  • Languages of El Salvador
  • Famous Salvadoran People

:: Background of El Salvador ::

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At least three early civilizations were the first peoples that inhabited the region that is now known as El Salvador. The Olmecs predate the Mayans and the Aztecs and were Mexico’s first prime civilization. The Olmecs were believed to have migrated to El Salvador around 2000 BC. There were also excavated ruins that proved that Mayans also inhabited El Salvador. Aztec descendants called the Pipil Indians came to stay in the region around the 11th century. They were believed to have come from the Nahóa tribe that spoke the Náhuatl dialect. While the Olmecs were descendants of the Aztecs, they also had Mayan influences and their agriculture was also centered on the production of maize. They knew hieroglyphics and were very well acquainted with mathematics and astrology.

The Pipil Indians were the inhabitants of the region when Spanish explorer Andrés Niño arrived on the coast of Conchagua in 1522. He named the area he saw as Golfo de Fonseca. Hernán Cortéz sent Don Pedro de Alvarado to conquer the region in 1524 but was repelled by the forces led by Indian Chief Atlacatl. The Spanish were able to succeed when they again invaded the region the following year. While Chief Atlacatl continued to resist the invaders, he was overpowered later and was put to death. The Indian Chief was considered a local hero and a monument dedicated to the Chief was erected in Antigua Cuscatlán in La Libertad.

Even before the Spanish came, or about 3,000 years prior to their arrival, El Salvador was already a prime trading location and archeological finds indicate that the native inhabitants of the region were trading with the Pipil Mayans, Lenca, Pok’omama, Chorti and Teotihuacán. When the Spanish settled, they introduced cotton, indigo and balsam, thus increasing the agricultural production of the region until the 1700s, with indigo as the prime export product. However, the farmers remained poor because land ownership belonged to a few elites.

Father José Matías Delgado, a very outspoken priest organized an uprising against the Spanish in 1811. Even if it was short-lived, it became inspirational for the revolt in 1821 that led to the independence not only of El Salvador but also other colonies in Central America that were ruled by Spain. September 15, 1821 became the independence day of El Salvador. Initially the Central American colonies formed an association with Mexico but two years later, in 1823, the colonies withdrew from Mexico and formed the Federal Republic of Central America. Father José Matías Delgado wrote El Salvador’s constitution and Manuel José Arce got elected as its president.

Even if the colonies were all located in Central America, each one had its own regional and cultural characteristics and traditions that did not match the rest of the regions and led to tension. The wealthy landowners remained and the poor were still penniless, even if their new constitution provided for the abolishment of slavery. A civil revolt was led by Anastacio Aquino in 1833. He was eventually captured and sentenced to death. Finally El Salvador left the Central American Federation but retained their date of independence from Spain.

The production and widespread use of synthetic dyes toward the latter part of the 19th century crippled the indigo market and El Salvador began to produce coffee, which became their prime cash crop. It opened a huge market for El Salvador and 95% of the country’s income depended on coffee revenues by the 20th century. Still, only 2% of the population of El Salvador at the time really benefited from coffee growing and sales.

Social unrest was inevitable and Augustín Farabundo Martí, founder of the Central American Socialist Party or the Frente Martí Liberación Nacional (FMLN) in Spanish, led the indigenous people and peasants of the country to an uprising on January 1932. It was a bloody revolt that led to the killing of 30,000 people. It became known as La Matanza or The Massacre. The leader of the revolt was sentenced to die by firing squad. The nation was placed under military control and soon military officers were forming alliances with the wealthy landowners and the farmers and peasants continued to be oppressed.

El Salvador’s economy went on a slow decline from the 1950s up to the 1970s and these years were very unsettled times for the country, when numerous pockets of civil uprisings occurred. It was not only the people who were suffering. Even the members of the clergy were already disgruntled by the turn of events and one outspoken priest, Archbishop Óscar Romero was assassinated while saying mass on the 24th of March 1980. This act led to an all-out civil war in El Salvador. The civil unrest further lowered the population of El Salvador, with over 300,000 inhabitants electing to leave their country to escape the civil war. Several factions, particularly the FMLN, were engaged in the revolt.

The United Nations finally mediated in April 1990 and talks between the FMLN and the government of El Salvador began, with human rights violations taking top priority. It was only on the 16th of January 1992 that a compromise agreement was signed by the two parties. The government agreed to put in place various reforms including the removal of the death squads and paramilitary groups. These were replaced by the national police force composed of civilians. Human rights violations were investigated and land was distributed. It was estimated that about 75,000 Salvadorans were killed in the 12-year uprising and the United States sent over US$6 billion to El Salvador. Land distribution also came at a price because that was done via loans that passed through USAID, for which the unpaid loans were erased in 1997.

Economic, political and social recovery is slow but continues to gain ground in El Salvador. They now employ foreign workers in the sugarcane and coffee plantations.

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:: Geography of El Salvador ::

El Salvador is located in Central America’s west coast, nestled between the countries of Honduras on its northern section and Guatemala on its northwest section. The southeastern part of the country is bounded by the Gulf of Fonseca while to the south of the country is the Pacific Ocean. It is the only country in Central America that does not have a coastline along the Caribbean Sea.

Geographic Coordinates
Located on Central America’s Pacific Coast, El Salvador’s latitude is 13° 50’ 00” north of the equator. Its longitude reading is 88° 55’ 00” west of Greenwich.

El Salvador is the smallest country belonging to the Central American region. Its total land mass measures only 21,041 square kilometers. Out of the total country size, the land surface covers an area of 20,721 square kilometers, leaving only a small water surface measuring 320 square kilometers. In comparison with other areas, El Salvador is just a tiny tad smaller than the State of Massachusetts.

Land Boundaries
Being such a small country, its total land boundary only measures 545 kilometers with the larger portion or 342 kilometers shared with Honduras. The balance of 203 kilometers is shared with Guatemala. It is interesting to note that the tension and rioting during a tightly-contested football match between Honduras and El Salvador in the second qualifying round of the 1970 FIFA World Cup in North America will trigger a border dispute between the two nations. The four-day war occurred when the army from El Salvador attacked Honduras on July 14, 1969. It became known as the Soccer War. A ceasefire was negotiated by the Organization of American States on July 20, 1969 and El Salvador withdrew its troops the following month. The two nations only signed a peace treaty on the 30th of October 1980, eleven years after the Soccer War. Five sections of land boundary and disputed territory over the Gulf of Fonseca were mostly awarded to Honduras only in 1992 by the International Court of Justice and the border demarcation treaty signed six years later.

The country is almost embraced by its two neighbors, Honduras and Guatemala, leaving El Salvador a very short coastline that measures only 307 kilometers long.

Maritime Claims
Under the law of the sea the country has a territorial sea claim that measures 12 nautical miles and a contiguous zone of 24 nautical miles. El Salvador also claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles.

The prevailing climate in El Salvador is tropical and the country has two distinct seasons. Specifically, El Salvador has tropical climate near the coast while the rest of the country has temperate climate. The dry season, sequía in Spanish corresponds to summer or verano, which is warm and dry. Summer is from November to April. Light rainfall can occur during the summer months. The wet season or invierno, when the country experiences heavy rainfall or temporales starts in May and ends in the month of October. Annual maximum temperature in the country is 30 °C or about 90 °F, while the average minimum is about 18 °C or 64 °F. In the country’s capital, San Salvador, the average temperature in January is about 22°C or 72 °F and only goes slightly higher in July.

From east to west two mountain ranges run parallel across El Salvador. These are the Cordillera Apeneca and the Southern Coastal Mountain Ranges. The southern mountains are made up of five clusters of about twenty volcanoes in a discontinuous chain. The mountain ranges effectively divide the country into three regions – the northern lowlands that are formed by the valleys of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas that originates from Mexico and the Lempa River; the coastal flat plains in the south, often referred to as the Pacific Lowlands and the central plateau that are dotted with volcanoes, several valleys and mountains.

Elevation Extremes
The Pacific Ocean is the lowest point in El Salvador. Although there are 25 active and extinct volcanoes in El Salvador as the country lies in the Ring of Fire, the highest point in the country is not a volcano but a mountain, Cerro El Pital, which rises to a height of 2,730 meters or nearly 9,000 feet. It is located on its border with Honduras.

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Natural Resources
El Salvador is a country whose major source of income is derived from its fertile lands. Other natural resources in the country are petroleum and hydropower and geothermal power due to the presence of several volcanoes in the country.

Land Use
Over one-third of the land in El Salvador is allocated for agriculture. Nearly 12% of the land is planted with permanent crops while the rest is divided into forested areas, permanent pasture and other uses.

Natural Hazards
El Salvador is sometimes called the Land of Volcanoes, with the number of active volcanoes in the country. It is also located over a geographically unstable location, as El Salvador lies between active tectonic plates, the Cocos Plate under the Caribbean Plate and the North American Tectonic Plate. These tectonic plates cause frequent earthquakes to occur in El Salvador. The country is also vulnerable to hurricanes and volcanism. Some of the more active volcanoes are San Miguel that last erupted in 2002; San Salvador whose last eruption was in 1917; Izalco, Santa Ana, Ilopango and Conchaguita.

Current Environmental Issues
Industrialization and commercialization have downsides that bring environmental problems to a nation. El Salvador is not immune to these environmental issues and faces soil contamination due to the improper disposal of toxic wastes. The country is also susceptible to water pollution, soil erosion and deforestation.

International Environmental Agreements
El Salvador has signed the international environmental agreement regarding the law of the sea but the country is yet to ratify the agreement. It has also entered into agreements pertaining to endangered species, ozone layer protection, hazardous wastes, wetlands, desertification and biodiversity. The country also is part of the international discussion on climate change as well as the climate change-Kyoto protocol.

:: People of El Salvador ::

The inhabitants of El Salvador are called Salvadorans.

Ethnic Groups
90% of the population of El Salvador is mestizo. They are the group who are of mixed AmerIndian and Spanish descent. Those who are mainly Spanish belong to the white ethnic minority, which accounts for 5%. Only a few of the ethnic native groups, majority of which are Lenca and Pipil AmerIndians are left and they are now considered a minority. Some Swiss, Syrians, Chinese, Germans, Turks and Lebanese have elected to make El Salvador their home.

Spanish is the official language in El Salvador and spoken nearly by all of its inhabitants. Náhuat or Izalco is still spoken by the AmerIndians (Pipil) in selected regions. English is also widely spoken.

Roman Catholic is the dominant religion in El Salvador. The country is tolerant of other religions so there are several other followers of other religious faiths in the country, including Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, Pentecosts and Protestants.

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According to estimates done in July 2011, the population of El Salvador has reached 6,071,774, with about 64% living in urban areas. Net migration is quite low, estimated to be around -8.95 for every one thousand inhabitants. The population growth is estimated to be just 0.318% while the fertility rate of women is placed at 2.08 children.

Age Structure
The majority of the population belongs to the 15 to 64 age group, accounting for 63%, with more females, numbering about 2 million against the 1.8 million males in this age bracket. In the 0- to 14-year group, which is 30.6% of the population, the males make up a larger number with over 950,000 while the females only account for slightly over 900,000. Those who are 65 years and over account for 6.4% of the population; again with the females registering a higher number at more than 215,000 while the males only account for 173,000.

Sex Ratio
Out of the total population, there is only 0.93 male born against one female according to 2011 estimates. The figures vary just slightly according to age brackets. At birth the ratio is 1.05 male over female, and the ratio remains the same in the under 15 age group. The ratio goes down slightly at 0.89 in the 15 to 64 age group and goes lower still at 0.81 for every female in the 65 years and over age category.

Median Age
El Salvador’s median age is 24.3 years. In terms of gender segregation, the median year for females is estimated to be 25.7 years in 2011 while it is 24.3 years for the males.

Birth and Death Rates
Based on the estimates for 2011, the birth rate in El Salvador stands at 17.75 births for every 1,000 inhabitants while the death rate is estimated to be 5.62 deaths for every 1,000 members of the populace.

Maternal and Infant Mortality Rate
Maternal mortality rate according to 2008 estimates is around 110 deaths for every 100,000 live births. On the other hand the infant mortality rate, based on 2011 estimates is 15.15 deaths for every 1,000 live female children born. The rate is higher for the males, estimated to be 22.36 deaths for every 1,000 live births.

Life Expectancy at Birth
Females outlive the males by a few years in El Salvador. Life expectancy at birth for the males is just 70.16 years while it is 76.87 years for the females. Overall, the average for the country is 73.44 years, according to 2011 estimates.

Adult prevalence of HIV/AIDS in El Salvador is a low number, estimated in 2009 to be around 0.8% only. According to the same estimates, there are about 34,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in the country while deaths resulting from the disease are estimated to be around 1,400.

Literacy in El Salvador is not overly high, which is only about 81.1%, although those aged 15 and over can read and write. According to the 2007 census, female literacy is about 79.6%. It is slightly higher in the male members of the population, which is around 82.8%. School children stay in school for 12 years.

:: References ::

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What are some important history facts about El Salvador? ›

The Spanish took over in 1528 and forced the native people to become servants. El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and full independence in 1841. Economic inequality led to the civil war in 1980. Many Salvadorans, rich and poor, fled to the United States.

Who are the most important people in El Salvador? ›

Some of them drew inspiration from their forefathers.
  • :: List of Famous People from El Salvador ::
  • Chief Atlacatl. He was one of El Salvador's first heroes. ...
  • Valentin Estrada. ...
  • José Arturo Castellanos Contreras. ...
  • José Matías Delgado y León. ...
  • Manuel José Arce y Fagoaga. ...
  • Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez. ...
  • Roberto D'Aubuisson Arrieta.

What is El Salvador history? ›

The history of El Salvador begins with several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City.

What was Salvador famous for? ›

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker known for exploring subconscious imagery. Arguably, his most famous painting is The Persistence of Memory (1931), depicting limp melting watches.

Who first discovered El Salvador? ›

The Spanish conquest and colonization of El Salvador began in 1524 with the arrival of an expedition from Guatemala led by Pedro de Alvarado.

What are the people of Salvador called? ›

Salvadorans (Spanish: Salvadoreños), also known as Salvadorians (alternate spelling: Salvadoreans), are citizens of El Salvador, a country in Central America.

Who are the ancient people of El Salvador? ›

Before the Spanish colonial period El Salvador was inhabited by a sizeable indigenous population. These groups included, Lenca, Maya Chortí, Maya Pocomam, Cacaopera and Nahua Pipil.

Is Salvador rich or poor? ›

Extreme poverty, measured at US$2.15 a day, declined from almost 10 percent by 2010 to almost 1 percent in 2019. The Gini index fell from 0.54 in 1998 to 0.38 in 2019, the lowest in the region. The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant negative impact on people's lives and families' incomes.

Did you know facts about El Salvador? ›

El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and the only one without a Caribbean coastline. The country has an extension of 8,124 square miles. What is this? El Salvador is known as the “Land of the Volcanoes” because of the more than 20 volcanoes in the territory.

How old is El Salvador? ›

El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador República de El Salvador (Spanish)
• Declared from the First Mexican Empire1 July 1823
• Declared from the Federal Republic of Central America12 June 1824
• International recognition18 February 1841
40 more rows

What is the culture of El Salvador? ›

The culture of El Salvador is a mix of European and native influences. The country has been the focus of international attention over the years due to its civil war and the ongoing presence of violent activity. Because of this, many El Salvadorans fled the country and live in the United States today.

What is the most important event in El Salvador? ›

Independence Day

September 15 marks El Salvador's independence from Spain in 1821 with flag-waving, parades and fireworks on the beaches, in the cities and mountain towns. The biggest national day celebrations take place in San Salvador.

What sport is El Salvador known for? ›

The sport of football in the country of El Salvador is run by the Salvadoran Football Association. The association administers the national football team, as well as the Primera División de Fútbol de El Salvador, the top level in its league system. Football is the most popular sport in the country.

What is El Salvador known for crime? ›

Gangs and violence

Homicide and extortion are the most publicized crimes. There are different forms of violence constructed in El Salvador such as political, gender, and structural violence. Women and children have been particular targets of violence, torture, and abuse.

What is El Salvador famous food? ›

El Salvador's most notable dish is the pupusa, a thick handmade corn flour or rice flour flatbread stuffed with cheese, chicharrón (cooked pork meat ground to a paste consistency), refried beans or loroco (a vine flower bud native to Central America).

What are some facts about El Salvador culture food? ›

The culinary traditions are the result of a blend of indigenous and Spanish influences. Salvadoran food can be as familiar as chicken soup, or as exotic as fried palm flowers. Lots of fruits and vegetables are part of the daily diet. Tortillas, papusa, rice, meats, plantains and soups are part of most meals.

What is El Salvador's national animal? ›

Turquoise-browed motmot (Eumomota superciliosa) is the national animal of El Salvador.

When did El Salvador start? ›

What is the religion of El Salvador? ›

Roman Catholic is the most common religion affiliation in El Salvador.

What tribes lived in El Salvador? ›

Before the Spanish colonial period, El Salvador was inhabited by a sizeable indigenous population. These groups included Lenca, Maya Chorti, Maya Pocomam, Cacopera/Kakawira and Nahua Pipil.

Does El Salvador have a nickname? ›

El Salvador nickname is "The Land of Volcanoes". Salvadoreños (Salvadorans) refer to themselves as "guanacos".

What is the nickname for El Salvador? ›

El Salvador's nickname is the "Land of Many Volcanoes". El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America.

How many races are in El Salvador? ›

Ethnic groups. Out of the 6,408,111 people in El Salvador, 86.3% are Mestizo, 15% are European, 1% Indigenous, 0.8% Afro-Salvadorans, and 0.64% other.

Who built the pyramids in El Salvador? ›

The Mayan abandoned the city around the end of the ninth century, during the collapse of the Classic Mayan culture, and, unusually, Pipils moved in and occupied the site, building a pyramid dating back to the Early Post-Classic (900–1200 AD) and another pelota court, in the northwest corner of the site.

Is El Salvador the richest country in the world? ›

El Salvador is therefore currently ranked 102 of the major economies. If this is calculated per inhabitant, taking purchasing power parity into account, then El Salvador ranks 119th in the list of the richest countries. Inflation in El Salvador in 2022 was around 7.20%.

Is El Salvador nice to live in? ›

A breathtakingly beautiful land of volcanoes, mountains and lakes, with a population that has a reputation for being friendly and welcoming, expats thinking of a move to El Salvador are sure to have a terrific time in the little South American country.

Is Salvador a safe place to live? ›

As well as frequent natural threats from earthquakes and volcanic activity, El Salvador has one of the highest crime rates in Latin America. Drug cartels, warring street gangs and corrupt security forces have turned the country into one of the world's most dangerous places outside an official war zone.

What language did El Salvador speak in history? ›

Spanish is the official language of El Salvador. During the precolonial epoch various indigenous dialects were spoken, the most important of these being Nahuatl, spoken in the central region of the country, and Poton, spoken in the east.

What language does El Salvador speak? ›

The 2007 census of El Salvador records 8 main languages spoken in the country besides Spanish, which is the official language. According to the 2007 census, some Indigenous groups speak their own languages, such as Cacaopera (spoken by 0.07% of the population) and Nawat (0.06%).

What was invented in El Salvador? ›

To help them in their farming and in their religious practice, the Mayans invented a highly accurate calendar which had a year of 365 days, broken down into 18 months of 20 days each, with five "hollow" or ill-omened days left over.

How old is the drinking age in El Salvador? ›

San Salvador's restaurants close for the night between 8 and 11pm, with nightclubs staying open until the wee hours. Drinking Laws -- The legal drinking age in both countries is 18, although it is often not enforced.

When did El Salvador end? ›

The war did not formally end until 16 January 1992 with the signing of the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City. Clockwise: Guerrilla camp in Morazán in 1983; Salvadoran Armed Forces soldiers; Ronald Reagan and José Napoleón Duarte in 1985; The final offensive of 1981; Guerrillas in Perquín, Morazán in 1990.

Who owned El Salvador before? ›

In 1821, El Salvador and the other Central American provinces declared their independence from Spain.

How many languages are in El Salvador? ›

El Salvador Demographics
Ethnic Groupsmestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
Languages SpokenSpanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Language NoteSpanish is the official language, although Nahua and other Native American languages are spoken by many. English is often spoken among the educated.
5 more rows

How do Salvadorans greet each other? ›

When entering somebody's home or any commercial establishment, it is expected that you greet everyone who is there with a simple buenos días (good morning), buenas tardes (good afternoon), or buenas noches (good evening or good night), depending on what time of day it is.

What is the traditional clothing in El Salvador? ›

Women often wear cotton headscarves and shawls with dresses or skirts and tops paired with sandals. Men wear cotton suits or shirts with jeans and a cowboy hat. Traditional footwear for men consists of boots or sandals.

Is family important in El Salvador? ›

In the Salvadoran culture the extended family is very important aspect in a person's life. Each person may count on the help or guidance of any member of the extended family which is made up of grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings and cousins. It is this closeness that ensures the success of each family mermber.

Are people in El Salvador healthy? ›

In El Salvador, healthy life expectancy at birth has improved by ▲ 2.15 years from 62.7 years in 2000 to 64.9 years in 2019. Worldwide, healthy life expectancy at birth has improved by ▲ 5.36 years from 58.3 years in 2000 to 63.7 years in 2019.

Is education free in El Salvador? ›

Education in El Salvador

In El Salvador, education is free and compulsory up to the 9th grade or age 14.

What is the climate in El Salvador? ›

El Salvador has a relatively homogeneous climate, with pronounced rainy and dry seasons and moderate temperatures. The country's tropical climate has a typical wet season (May-October) and dry season (November-April).

How many murders a year in El Salvador? ›

In 2022, there were approximately 8 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in El Salvador.

Can you wear earrings in El Salvador? ›

Because of gang issues in El Salvador: • Earrings and piercings are not allowed for men. For women, one earring per ear is acceptable.

How big is El Salvador? ›

The land has a total area of 21,040 km² (8,124 mi²) and a total coastline of 307 km (190.8 mi). This land area is approximately 84% of the area of Maryland. El Salvador is thus the 27th biggest country in the Americas and in terms of area ranked 154th worldwide.

What are some historical facts about Salvador Brazil? ›

Founded in 1549 on a small peninsula that separates Todos os Santos Bay from the Atlantic Ocean on the northeast coast of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia became Portuguese America's first capital and remained so until 1763. Its founding and historic role as colonial capital associate it with the theme of world exploration.

What is El Salvador history with the US? ›

The United States established diplomatic relations with El Salvador in 1863, following El Salvador's independence from Spain and the later dissolution of a federation of Central American states. Post-independence, the country saw a mix of revolutions, democracy, and a 1980-1992 civil war.

What is the main religion in El Salvador? ›

Roman Catholic is the most common religion affiliation in El Salvador.

What is an important day in El Salvador? ›

Día de Independencia (Independence Day) celebrates independence from the Spanish and is observed annually on September 15. It is a national holiday celebrated with parades, fireworks, and, of course, lots of food.

What are some facts about El Salvador capital? ›

San Salvador, capital of El Salvador. It is located on the Ace Chaute River in the Valley of the Hammocks (Valle de las Hamacas) at an elevation of 2,238 feet (682 metres). San Salvador Volcano is 7 miles (11 km) west-northwest.

Who was Salvador named after? ›

Etymology. Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named the new province after Jesus Christ – San Salvador (lit. "Holy Savior").

What is one fact about San Salvador? ›

San Salvador has been the host city for various regional and international sporting, political, and social events. It hosted the Central American and Caribbean Games in 1935 and 2002, and the Central American Games in 1977 and 1994, as well as the Miss Universe 1975 pageant.


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